London England History
Here are some of the most interesting facts about London, from the Houses of Parliament to the London Underground.
Get an overview of 200 years of history, when London went from a medieval city to a global capital of the nascent British Empire. In the Middle Ages, more people moved to London, making it a larger and busier city overall. In the 19th century, London was transformed and became the capital of a vast empire.
The population of the city exploded from 630,000 in 1700 to 2.32 million in 1850, and by 1860 London had grown three-fold to 3,188,485. Urbanization of London and other English cities continued and intensified during the Industrial Revolution of the 19th century. By 1815 it was already the largest city in the world, but it had grown by 750,000 inhabitants. This made London the largest city in England and the second largest in Europe after Paris, with the population in France more than twice as large as in England, according to census data.
The biggest shock for Londoners was the fact that 124,000 Londoners who served in the Army never returned from the war.
The mass bubonic plague was not enough for the inhabitants of London, and another major outbreak struck again, killing around 20% of the population. The plague ended that same year, but London's luck was no better when the Great Fire raged through the city. What began as a small fire in a Pudding Street pub at the end of July 1766 was a huge fire that lasted four days and wiped out 80% of London. Another event that is remembered in history occurred on the night of 12 June 1767, the day after the great fire.
It was not until the 14th century that London could begin to call itself the true capital of England. It was housed within the ancient Roman city walls, with no access to the outside world for the growing city of London. London Bridge is one of the oldest bridges in the world and the only bridge between London and any other city in Europe. London is overlooked by other British and almost all European cities and has continued to do so even though it is only a few miles from the rest of the UK.
In Roman times, Southwark was only inhabited by people who had direct access to Southwark, and this was based on an additional Tudor layer. In 1750, London Bridge was the only crossing of the Thames, but this year Westminster Bridge was opened and for the first time in history it had no rival in any respect. The construction data is taken from the Ordnance Survey and information on listed buildings, planned monuments and other historical sites is taken from the English Heritage. It was built in the late 14th century as part of a Ragstone mining project on the south-east corner of London.
Built in the late 14th century as part of a Ragstone mining project on the south-east corner of London, it is one of the oldest buildings in Southwark.
This map of London was made by John Rocque in 1746 and is one of the earliest examples of London growing far beyond its former borders in the 18th century. Visit it to find the place and learn more about the many landmarks and sites that are still landmarks today.
William built a number of fortresses to subjugate the people of London, but the most famous of these is the Tower of London, which is still preserved today and was the first stone castle in England. Other Norman construction projects included the Old London Bridge, which replaced the original Roman crossing.
The first London railway was completed in 1836, running from London Bridge to Greenwich, and the large rail terminal was designed to give London access to areas across the UK. London to Birmingham was the first rail line in the capital, with passengers disembarking at the revamped Euston station.
London had more lights than any other city in Europe at that time, which really intrigued visitors from abroad. Since the 1950s, the rise of immigrants moving to London has made London the most diverse city in Europe. These people came mainly from the Middle East, Africa, Asia, Latin America and South America. London became so diverse that the face of London changed, making it one of the most diverse cities in Europe.
In 1900, one in five Britons lived in London, and by 1911 the city had a population of 7 million. London was said to be the first city on the planet to reach a population of over a million, reaching that number in 1811. It was the only medieval British city comparable in size to the major cities of Europe. The Regency of London is the story of a king who, with the help of his wife, Queen Victoria, and her husband, King George VI, spent a fortune to make London one of the best cities in Europe.